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Tutorial

 

Page 4 of 4 - How to make "Birds on Branches" in Stained Glass

Click on the steps below to advance to the desired topic (there are 5 steps on each page):

To Page 1
Steps 1 - 5 Beginning with Step 1 "Lets get started!"

To Page 2
Steps 6 - 10 Beginning with Step 6  "Compressing the foil to the glass"

To Page 3
Steps 11 - 15 Beginning with Step 11 "Tips on edge/perimeter beading"

You are on Page 4 - Steps 16  thru 20   
Step 16 - Set-up for applying the patina
Step 17 - Applying Jax Pewter Black 
Step 18 - Cleaning station, waxing, brushing/buffing 
Step 19 - A close-up of the soldering, patina finish, and waxing 
Step 20 - Bluebirds project done!

 

Step 16 - Set-up for applying the patina

 

This is my set-up for applying the patina, there are other methods, this is how I do it. I use a tub large enough to contain the Bluebirds, a one inch brush with half the length of the bristles cut off to reduce splashing, rubber gloves, and a separate jar for the patina so I donít contaminate the whole bottle. 

After all the soldering is complete I wash the piece with dish detergent. The next step is to heat up the piece, in the summer I place it on my hot driveway for about an hour. In the winter it goes next to my heater (I live in New Hampshire) or I use a hair dryer to heat it up. 

Jax Pewter black is applied with a brush, while wearing gloves, in a well ventilated area. The patina does give off fumes, I try to avoid them. I then wash the project with dish detergent. Depending upon how dark the patina came out I may reheat and the piece and reapply a second coat of patina. It is often, but not always the case, that the first application of patina acts as a primer for the second application. After the second application of patina I wash with dish detergent again, then set it aside to dry. Once the piece is dry it may have a chalky blackish gray appearance. A coat of glass wax seems to darken and add a shiny luster to the patina and the glass.

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Step 17 - Applying Jax Pewter Black
 

The Jax Pewter Black has been brushed on, front, back, and the perimeter. Next I will wash the birds with dish detergent. A trimmed down paint brush also comes in handy for washing. I would like the patina a little darker so I will dry and re-heat the birds before I apply the Jax for second time.  

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Step 18 - Cleaning station, waxing, brushing/buffing

A sheet of plywood with a piece of carpet stapled onto it serves as my cleaning station. In this photo the wax has been brushed on the birds and allowed to dry. I remove most of the wax with a towel. Then the brushes remove the excess wax from all the nooks and crannies. Finally I take the soft cloth, wrap a single layer around the small brush bristles and do a final brushing/buffing. The combination of wrapping the soft cloth over the small brush bristles does an excellent job. 

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Step 19 - A close-up of the soldering, patina finish, and waxing

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Step 20 - Bluebirds project done!  
 

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Please let me know if you thought the tutorial was helpful. Your comments and suggestions are always welcome. You can email me at chpawy@aol.com. Thank you!

Joseph E. Godek, Artist

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